Drugs of different lot and batch numbers were bought/collected and the samples for testing were randomly selected from those. The providers were divided into low-level providers and high/medium level providers. 10.1093/tropej/47.4.230.Uzochukwu BSC, Onwujekwe OE, Akpala CO: Effect of the Bamako-Initiative drug revolving fund on availability and rational use of essential drugs in primary health care facilities in Southeast Nigeria.

Only 24.2% and 0.8% of low-level providers used artesunate monotherapy and ACT, respectively to treat malaria. When deciding which drug to use, consider specific itinerary, length of trip, cost of drug, previous adverse reactions to antimalarials, drug allergies, and current medical history. Dissolution of CQ was performed in 900 mls of purified water and heated to a temperature of 37°C with a rotor speed of 100 rpm for 60 minutes. 2005, 99: 473-481. All authors contributed to data analysis. 10.1016/S0140-6736(00)05065-0.Amin AA, Kokwaro GO: Antimalaria drug quality in Africa. Similarly, it was providers in 'other healthcare facilities' that had the highest number of years of training for the work that they do, whilst providers in private hospitals, the general hospitals and 'others' had the highest level of education for medium/high level providers. You can also search for this author in Two people were hospitalized in Lagos for chloroquine overdoses, Oreoluwa Finnih, senior health assistant to the governor of Lagos, said in an interview.“Please don’t panic,” she said via text message.

There should be enforced checks and regulation of drug supply management as well as stiffer penalties for people stocking substandard and counterfeit drugs.People seek treatment for malaria from public sector facilities and a range of formal and informal private sector facilities [Drug quality in public and private outlets may be problematic. They were spread out across the different levels of providers, but all existing public providers in each study area were included in the study, because there were not many of them. The new effective drugs—artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) 1 —today cost US$2.40 per course wholesale, and can be marked up to five times that amount in pharmacies in Africa. Researchers posed as clients to buy the drugs from pharmacy shops and patent medicine dealers (PMDs) or vendors provided such drugs that had shelf lives of more than two years. Lancet Infect Dis. “Chloroquine is still in a testing phase in combination with other medication and not yet verified as a preventive treatment or curative option.”Nigeria’s Centre for Disease Control warned that the World Health Organization hasn’t approved use of the drug against the virus. Pharm World Sci. 2006, 75: 804-811.Newton PN, Green MD, Fernandez FM, Day NPJ, White NJ: Counterfeit anti-infective drugs. 2000, 51: 1491-1503. The final results (Table The basic training and service information of low level healthcare providers and medium/high level providers showed that amongst the low level providers, those in maternity homes had the highest average number of years of formal training for the work that they do. All the medium/high level providers were licensed for the work that they do, with the exception of one provider from a Primary Healthcare (PHC) centre. 2006, 31: 112.Amin AA, Snow RW, Kokwaro GO: The quality of sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine and amodiaquine products in the Kenyan retail sector. Dissolution of all antifolate antimalarial products was carried out using 1 litre of 0.01 M pH 6.8 phosphate buffer solution (sodium hydroxide and potassium dihydrogen orthophosphate, Fisher Scientific) and heated to a temperature of 37°C, with a rotor speed of 75 rpm. A search of the medical literature yielded only 43 primary published research reports concerning counterfeit drugs in the world [Over the past decade, the massive public health problem of counterfeit and substandard drugs has become more manifest, leading to serious clinical consequences to patients, such as increased morbidity, mortality, and drug resistance, which leads to spurious reporting of resistance and toxicity and loss of confidence in healthcare systems [The information generated by this study will help design policy measures to strengthen the treatment component of the malaria control strategy. By using this website, you agree to our

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